FIRST of all, congratulations. The fact that you are reading this article means you’re interested in learning web development or becoming a web developer yourself, you’ve already made a great choice.

Depending on your background, you might be wondering where to start learning web development. If you’ve mainly been Googling around, you may feel a bit overwhelmed by all the languages, frameworks, and learning resources out there.

Web development is the work involved in developing a web site for the Internet (World Wide Web) or an intranet (a private network) in a growing industry.  The growth of this industry is being driven by businesses wishing to use their website to advertise and sell products and services to customers. – Wikipedia

“Web development, is the creation of vibrant and proactive web applications. It encompasses everything from a simple page of HTML text to complex, feature-rich applications designed to be accessed from various Internet-connected devices.” Shares Arnold Lualhati, head of IT – Phil. Business School.

Examples of web applications are social networking sites like Facebook or e-commerce sites like Amazon.

Web Development Overview

There are two broad divisions of web development – front-end development (also called client-side development) and back-end development (also called server-side development).

Front-end development refers to constructing what a user sees when they load a web application – the content, design and how you interact with it. This is done with three codes – HTML, CSS and JavaScript.

Back-end development controls what goes on behind the scenes of a web application. A back-end often uses a database to generate the front-end.

Front-end programming languages

When a site is loaded into a browser from a server, certain scripts run within the browser itself, the front end manages all user requests and interaction.

Early websites — generally consisting of formatted text with the occasional animated GIF — required very little in the form of advanced front-end development, 2017 sites are much more complex. Front-end programming languages need to be capable of playing videos, loading data from other pages within the page, expanding and minimizing individual objects, incorporating mouse-over functions, and more. To accomplish these tasks, developers generally depend on a few front-end programming languages. This is usually done with three codes:

HTML (Hyper Text Markup Language) – This is a special code for ‘marking up’ text in order to turn it into a web page. Every web page on the net is written in HTML, and it will form the backbone of any web application.  

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets) – This is a code for setting style rules for the appearance of web pages. CSS handles the cosmetic side of the web and as a language is more focused on issues related to webpage design. CSS gives programmers the freedom to create a visual aesthetic that can be adapted to any particular device, operating systems, or screen-size.

JavaScript – This is a scripting language that is widely used to add functionality and interactivity to web pages. JavaScript started out as a language that allowed developers to incorporate improved interactivity within webpages. And while its function remains essentially the same, the increased focus on site usability has helped turn JavaScript into one of the most universally used front-end coding languages.

Back-end programming languages

With front-end development handling the in-browser, user-facing aspects of your web page, the rest of the processes that drive your site fall under the responsibility of back-end development. As a general rule of thumb, if a user can’t see it or interact with it, it’s back end. Back-end programming deals with issues related to (but not limited to) structure, security, and content management.

Traditionally, back-end systems consist of servers, databases, operating systems, and APIs designed to power and support the various front-end systems the user experiences. And while there is fairly limited standard set of front-end coding languages most programmers incorporate, back-end developers have a wider selection of appropriate options. Back-end programming is usually written in many different coding languages and frameworks, such as:

Javascript – professional developers use javascript for front-end development, but it also leads the pack for back-end coding use. Javascript is first a language that runs in the browser and is executed by the browser. Node.js has changed that vision of javascript by running it within the Chrome JS engine as a backend web server. This allows developers to code frontend and backend using the same language.

Java – is an open-source, server-side coding language that is ideal for high-traffic sites. It is fast, scalable, and features a vast development ecosystem.

C# – is a programming language that is very similar to Java, making it an easy option to pick up for those who are already Java savvy. C# is object oriented, which means that it allows developers to define what kinds of operations can be applied to the data structure, making it a useful addition to a well-rounded developer’s toolbox.

SQL (Structured Query Language) this as the name suggests, is query based. Rather than telling a computer to perform specific actions, it focuses on retrieving data. SQL is used for generating reports and updating and retrieving data.

A lot of people learn web coding because they want to create the next Facebook or find a job in the industry. But it’s also a good choice if you just want a general introduction to coding, since it’s super easy to get started. Whether you’re looking for a career or you simply want to learn coding, learning how to develop for the web is for you. It’s another useful skill anyone can pick up nowadays.

The traditional way to learn web development is to enroll in a university or trade school course. However, it can be costly. Luckily, there’s plenty of good quality coding training available, a particular training recommendation is Philippine Business School’s Website Development Masterclass. This two-day website development masterclass is an introduction to website development, process and system requirements. At the end of the program you’ll be able to create and customize your own unique website for business or personal use.

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